|Mining||Equipement and transport|
Equipement and transport
Basic infrastructures are the pillars of the economic growth and development. This is the reason why they are among the priorities of the government.Undoubtedly, all the trade and touristic activities of the country depend on the building, extension, preservation and improvement of the transportation routes.
Therefore, the Ministry of Equipment and Transport is making all efforts in order to set up a modern basic infrastructure by facilitating the local, regional and international exchanges, and ensuring fluidity, comfort and safety of people and goods mobility.
A- STRATEGY OF The MINISTRY of EQUIPMENT AND TRANSPORT
The strategy of the Ministry of Equipment and Transport reflects the general policy of the government focusing on:
· Economic and social development by strengthening and modernizing the great infrastructure and superstructure networks;
· Implementing a proximity policy through the opening-up of the rural zones.
B- DATA RELATING TO THE SECTORS DEPENDING ON THE MINISTRY
1. Road and motorway sector
Morocco’s road network places it among the first African countries. 60% of its 60000 km road network is surfaced.
1,500 km of roads are built every year in addition to the Mediterranean by-pass which is under construction and which will link the cities of Tangier and Saïdia.
Moreover, around 50% of the Ministry’s budget allocated annually to the road sector is devoted to maintenance.
The Mediterranean by-pass, which extends over 550 km from Tangier to Saidia, will allow the development of the Mediterranean coast, its opening-up and the promotion of its important potentialities.
At the present time, 172km is completed [ Tangier-Ksar Sghir (30km), Saidia-Ras Kebdana (20km), Ksar Sghir-Fnideq (30km), Wadi Kert-Ras Kebdana (92km) ] and 278km are under construction [ Al Hoceima-Ras Afrou (84km), Jebha-Al Hoceima (103km) and Tétouan-Fnideq (28km) ].
Studies and financing relating to the realization of the Tétouan - El Jebha section (120km) are completed. Works on the project will begin as soon as its budget is included in the money bill.
The fulfillment in 2005 of the 11000km roads within the framework of the first national program of rural roads (PNRR1) raised to 54% the rate of population served by a road. In addition, the realization, since 2005, of 15000 km of roads within the framework of the new program (PNRR2) will allow the rate of accessibility to the road network to achieve 80% by 2015.
The rate of motorway building which has been prevailing for a long time is 50km/year.
The need to develop our infrastructures implied improving this rate which became 150km/year.this will allow a 1500km motorway network in 2010 instead of 594km.
Consequently, an important step was taken in 2004 with the setting up of the provisions and financial mechanisms required for the fulfilment of the motorway program:
· Conclusion of the State-ADM Contract programme according to which the state commits itself to annually increase the capital of the MDA by 320MDH over 5 years, along with the adoption of the deferred loads principle and the issuing of bonds guaranteed by the state;
· Signature of a convention between Hassan II Fund for Economic and Social Development and the AMD according to which the Fund commits itself to provide annually a 500 MDH contribution to the capital of the ADM over 3 years.
At present, the motorway network includes:
· Operational motorway sections: 594km;
· Motorway sections under construction: 272km;
· Motorway sections to be launched: 95,5km;
· scheduled motorway projects: 584 km.
The two-lane roads are founding projects which are economically and socially beneficial and allow linking the economic poles of regions. Their realization, together with the financial support of Regional Councils and domestic institutions revived partnership relating to the building of road infrastructures.
The year 2005 saw the doubling of the second national road space between the Oujda Angad Airport and Ahfir (20km) and between Salouane and Aroui (9km). It was also marked by the launching of works to double the space of the 13th national road between Tetouan and Fnideq (25km) and the first nationam road between Laayoune and Al Marsa (24km).
Aware of the necessity to solve the problems relating to road security, the Ministry of Equipment and Transport prepared, after consultations with all the intervening or concerned departments, a national strategy of perennial and realistic road security through setting definite objectives detailed over ten years.
A national action plan relating to control was prepared after consultations with the Royal Gendarmerie and the Directorate General of National Security to reorganize the control mission, a prerequisite for the policy of fight against road insecurity. The plan was approved by the Standing Committee of Road security.
Besides, a reform of the legal and statutory laws relating to road security has been carried out.
It is worth mentioning that, following the implementation of these actions, the number of traffic accidents registered during 2004 decreased by 4%.
The Moroccan railway network has a length of 1.900 km, 370 km are double tracked; 53% of the network is electrified and diesel engine is used over 900 km.
This network allows reaching up to 160 Km/h in the main axes. It is in the form of a corridor linking Marrakesh to the center and Oujda to the East. It includes antennas relating the Tangier port to the strait, and the ports of Safi and Jorf-Lasfar on the Atlantic.
Furthermore, within the framework of the development of railway infrastructure, an endorsement of the contract programme was signed in August 2004 aiming at realizing two great projects, namely:
· The Taourirt-Nador railway (117km) at a cost of 1.776 MDH. (Works in progress)
· The railway service of the new of Tangier Med port (45km) at a cost of 2.863 MDH. (Works are about to start).
With a coastline 3500 Km long, distributed between the Atlantic and the Mediterranean, Morocco’s harbour network includes 30 ports.
To these ports will be added the Tangier-Mediterranean Port with an estimated cost of 16MMDH. The construction of the port, which is expected to be completed in 2007, will make it possible for Morocco to have a major transhipment port.
Two major ports deal with passenger traffic: Tangier on the strait and Nador in north eastern Morocco.
The already available passenger lines are:
§ TANGIER ALGECIRAS (Southern of Spain).
§ TANGIER-SETE (France)
§ TANGIER-Genova (ITALY)
§ TANGIER-TARIFA (SPAIN)
§ NADOR-ALMERIA (SPAIN)
§ NADOR-SETE (France).
These lines are exploited by eight Moroccan and Spanish companies.
Morocco has 15 international airports established in the main cities of the Kingdom. These airports are linked by road axes of good quality and offer an outstanding service level. They are also provided with very modern aeronautical equipment, allowing the management of commercial traffic under the best conditions of fluidity and safety.
The global capacity of the air passenger terminals of the aforementioned airports is approximately 12 million pax/year, including 4 million for the Casablanca-Mohamed V airport, 2,2 million for the Agadir- Al Massira airport and 1,5 million for the Marrakech - Menara airport.
A clear improvement of the Moroccan air traffic service was announced in 2005 following the reform of the sector.
2005 was also marked by the beginning of negotiations with the European Union in order to conclude a euro-Mediterranean agreement relating to civil aviation (Open Skies Agreement).
5. Public Equipment
Within the framework of delegated work control, the Ministry of Equipment and Transport carried out various sociocultural on behalf of other Departments (Fez and Marrakesh University Hospital Centers, House of Counselors, Administrative Complexe of Finance, National Library of the Kingdom).
Furthermore, it was entrusted with the construction of the following football stadiums:
· Marrakesh : Progress until August 25,2005 = 83,83%;
· Tangier : Progress until August 25, 2005= 87,84%;
· Agadir : Progress until August 25, 2005 = 29,83%;
6 Public Buildings and Works Sector
The year 2004 was marked by the signing of a 2004-2007 contract program between the state, represented by the Ministry of Equipment and Transport and the Ministry in charge of Housing and Urbanism, on the one hand, and The General Confederation of Moroccan Firms (CGEM), and the National Federation of Building and Public Works, on the other hand. The main objectives of the actions to be carried out within the framework of this contract are:
· improving the structure of companies and the modernization of their management;
· guarantying their continuity and Developing their performance
· straightening partnership between the Administration and companies;
· guarantying visibility of the market of Public Buildings and Works Sector.
B- REFORMS UNDERTAKEN BY The MINISTRY OF EQUIPMENT AND TRANSPORT
In order to meet all user expectations as well as the increasing demand for means of transportation by the increasingly demanding economic operators, the Ministry of Equipment and Transport have carried out some reforms which concerned all sectors that fall within its prerogatives.
The aforementioned reforms deal with both infrastructure and the organizational and institutional aspect of the sector, namely:
· Liberalizing road transportation of goods with a view to setting up an economically effective transportation system under better conditions regarding quality, safety, reliability and cost.
· Reorganizing the harbour sector (creation of a national agency of harbour regulation and a national company of harbour exploitation) with a view to providing the Moroccan economy with an effective tool to achieve the country’s ambition and objective which is to fasten its economic development to the European and Mediterranean market.
· Liberalizing the air sector to improve the level of development expected by the project.