|Mining||Equipement and transport|
Morocco boasts two sea coastlines, the Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean sea, extending over 3,500 km. Moroccan coasts contain an important richness of sea resources. The creation of the 200 nautical mile-long Exclusive Economic Zone (ZEE) has increased the maritime area under national jurisdiction to beyond one million km.The strategy applied to this branch of activity has been carried out through the setting up of appropriate administrative, legal and financial regulations which have allowed the sector to strengthen its capacities and means for the development of the national maritime inheritance.
Therefore, this set of measures has allowed for a gradual modernization of the coastal and traditional fishing activities, the birth of a young and performing fleet of high sea fishing, the promotion and modernization of fishing industries, the expansion of the national commercial fleet and the intensification of scientific research in sea fisheries and maritime training.
With a fleet of 3,000 ships and thriving port facilities, Morocco is the most important producer and exporter of sea products in Africa and the Arab world.
The sector of sea fisheries represents 15% of the overall value of exports and 55% of the value of food exports. It employs more than 200,000 persons. The annual value of fish products exports is estimated at more than 600 million dollars.
Total production of fisheries reached 635,193 tons in 1996, against 852,048 tons in 1995. The decrease of production is the result of a rigorous observance of a system of biologic rest periods by national and foreign fleet.
Major fishing ports:
Agadir, Tan-Tan, Essaouira, Safi, El-Jadida, Casablanca, Mohammedia, Rabat, Kenitra, Larache, Tangiers, El-Hoceima, Nador, Laayoune, Dakhla.
Number of boats : 2,973 units
Coastal fishing : 2,564 (72,148 TJB)
High-sea fishing : 462 (152,417 TJB)
The quest of a more rational exploitation of its sea resources has led Morocco to conclude, on new bases, a four-year long fisheries agreement with the European Union.
The agreement stipulates the gradual reduction of fishing activities of the European fleet, according to the various types of fishing.
It also provided for measures to encourage European fleet to unload catches in national ports and consolidate controls in order to carry out a better follow up of sea resources. Regarding financial compensation, the agreement stipulates that the European Union pays 355 million ECU and contributes to developing the fisheries sector in Morocco.
The fisheries agreement with Russia was also renewed for three years. It authorizes 28 Russian ships to operate in Morocco's territorial waters for a maximum of 200,000 tons of catches of pelagic species in the first year while quotas for the subsequent years are defined according to the state of sea reserves.